Technology’s impact on jobs
International research by the OECD from 2018 found that 14% of jobs are at high risk of being automated. 32% of jobs are likely to change significantly in the way they are carried out. Research by ING from 2015 expects that 49% of jobs in Belgium are susceptible to automation. Both studies predate the COVID-19 pandemic. McKinsey argues that recessions lead to higher job automation. The July 2020 survey shows that 68% of the 800 employers surveyed are planning to invest (further) in automation and artificial intelligence.
Together with SD Worx, De Tijd / L'Echo and BPact / Indiville, Next Generation Work surveyed employees in February 2020 about the (expected) impact of technological changes. We reached 2,265 Belgian employees and 1,504 managers. In terms of the number of jobs, one in three employees say that technology has led to more jobs in the past three years. One third say there has been no impact, and another third report a decrease of jobs. 48% of executives do not expect a change in the number of jobs in the short term, while 20% anticipate a decrease. For many organizations, however, it will mean a shift, requiring different skills to continue to carry out those (new) jobs.