Leadership is the elephant in the room of organizations that want to give more autonomy to teams and reduce their hierarchy in order to do so. Leaders at the top show too little courage to change and are not at the forefront of change. Managers are left to their own devices and do not find their place in the new organization. As a result, the expected returns fail to materialize. Teams get bogged down in deliberation and exasperation. Employees fall back on their former managers. Uncertainty puts pressure on the top to take directive action.
In short, breaking free from the yoke of hierarchy causes withdrawal symptoms that should not be underestimated.